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Hate Speech | Countering Hate Speech

 

Countering Hate Speech in South Sudan

Technology and especially Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are playing increasingly important roles in the human rights field generally and specifically in efforts to identify and monitor signs of mass human rights violations and in efforts to counter the narrative of hate. There have been popular online campaigns against hate speech, though the degree to which they reach and influence the audiences most receptive to messages of hate is unclear.1 In some places at risk of collective violence, ICTs have been used to disseminate information that debunks rumors, a form of communication frequently used to disseminate dangerous and inciting speech. Again, the effect of such efforts on the audience most likely to give credence to the rumors is unclear. Similarly, in particularly tense situations, messages have been disseminated via ICTs that target a specific audience with the goal of persuading its members to abstain at least temporarily from actions that could lead to violence. There is anecdotal evidence supporting the effectiveness of this approach. In South Sudan specifically, there have been campaigns aiming to sensitize target audiences on the dangers of using hate terms on Social media and some campaigns have actually countered narratives that instigate hatred in South Sudan.

Countering Hate Speech Initiatives

The prevalence of hate speech (particularly on social media) related to the conflict in South Sudan reinforces the need for local initiatives that can effectively counter the hate speech, or provide alternative narratives in support of building peace.

 

Click on the tabs below to learn more about current initiatives to counter hate speech in South Sudan.

 

 

 

 

Topic Wheel

The topic wheel below displays the top themes of conversation from public social media content related to countering hate speech initiatives. Use it to explore key topics (inner circle) and sub-topics (outer circle) in social media. In the field above, you can select a different date range to update the visualizations. Dataset: Crimson Hexagon. Content Sources: Twitter, Facebook, Blogs, News, Comments, Forums, YouTube.

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Visuals

 

Content Sources

The chart below shows which social media platforms this term is most commonly used. Note: There are significant differences between each content source. Facebook, for instance, is primarily private, while Twitter is primarily public. Nonetheless, the differences between the content sources for hate speech and counter hate speech demonstrate relevant trends. Dataset: Crimson Hexagon. Content Sources: Twitter, Facebook, Blogs, News, Comments, Forums, YouTube.

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Word Cloud

The word cloud below displays words that are most commonly used in social media posts related to countering hate speech initiatives. Use it to explore related words, themes, hashtags, and accounts in social media. In the field above, you can select a different date range to update the visualizations. Dataset: Crimson Hexagon. Content Sources: Twitter, Facebook, Blogs, News, Comments, Forums, YouTube.

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Top Sites

The chart below shows which sites are most used for countering hate speech, based on our monitoring. Dataset: Crimson Hexagon. Content Sources: Twitter, Facebook, Blogs, News, Comments, Forums, YouTube.

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Volume Trends

The line chart below displays the overall volume for social media content supporting countering hate speech initiatives surrounding the South Sudan conflict. You can use this to monitor rises in conversations around countering hate speech in social media. Dataset: Crimson Hexagon. Content Sources: Twitter, Facebook, Blogs, News, Comments, Forums, YouTube.

Argos Chart

Chart

 

Geography

The map below shows the total volume of posts coming from each country in the world, filtered for content that is likely to be related to countering hate speech, according to our analysis. Note: The map draws from geolocated content, and Twitter and Forums are the only two content sources that enable geolocation. 

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Social Network

The visualizations below show networks from two Twitter hashtags that have been used by initiatives to counter the spread of hate speech online: #DefyHateNow and #AnaTaban. The visualization was generated using the Twitter Search function of NodeXL. 

 

#DefyHateNow Twitter Search Social Network

 

#AnaTaban Twitter Search Social Network

 

Resources for Counter Hate Speech

A Manual for Combating Hate Speech Online

This manual was designed to support the No Hate Speech Movement, the Council of Europe’s youth campaign against hate speech online, and is useful for educators working to address this problem, both...

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Countering Daesh Propaganda

This report discusses Daesh recruitment strategies and use of social media technologies to appeal to alienated youth. The report provides insights into recruitment and social media use and aims to...

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Countering Online Hate Speech

This report provides a global overview of the dynamics characterizing hate speech online and some of the measures that have been adopted to counteract and mitigate it, highlighting good practices...

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MECHACHAL - Online Debates and Elections in Ethiopia

This report adds a new perspective to the debate on the potential and risks of social media, and addresses growing concerns about their possible use in inciting hatred and violence.

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Social Media and Conflict in South Sudan - A Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms

Since the outbreak of violence in the world's newest country in December 2013, South Sudanese have called attention to how hate speech has inflamed further violent conflict. PeaceTech Lab developed...

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